Literary Reading: Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III – Long Reign Ends

Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III, led the Ismaili community as their Imam for 72 years. Photo: Copyright, The National Portrait Gallery, London

Portrait of Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III, 48th Ismaili Imam whose reign of 72 years was the longest in Ismaili history. © Photo: The National Portrait Gallery

In the early afternoon of 11 July, 1957, after an Imamat spanning seventy-two years, the 48th Imam, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III, passed away in Geneva.

In a leading article published the following day, The Times of London offered condolences “to the millions distributed over the length and breadth of the Islamic world”, recognizing the Imam as “a great force working for understanding and harmony between east and west”; the obituary in The Times was titled: The Aga Khan: A Citizen of the World.

On July 12, 1957, the will of the 48th Imam was read at Villa Barakat in Geneva with the whole family present. In his will, the Imam stated:

“I appoint my grandson Karim, the son of my son, Aly Salomone Khan, to succeed to the title of Aga Khan and to be the Imam and Pir of all my Shia Ismailian followers.”

His Highness the Aga Khan IV, Shah Karim al Hussaini, becomes 49th Imam and Pir of Shia Imami Ismailis according to the will of his grandfather. He is pictured above at the Memorial ceremony held for the late Imam at the Woking Mosque outside London. Photo: Reg Speller/Fox Photos/Getty Images, copyright.

Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah’s Burial in Aswan

Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah had expressed a wish to be buried in Aswan in Egypt. The Imam had a special place for Egypt ever since his first visit to the country in 1935. In his Memoirs, the Imam writes:

“On my way home to India I visited Egypt for the first time. Those who have not experienced it, who have not been lucky enough to fall under Egypt’s spell, will find it difficult, I suppose, to realize the sheer magic of the first sight of Egypt. And that my first sight was on a perfect early winter day, and need I say that all my life since then I have had a special corner in my heart for Egypt, and that I have returned there as often as I could.”

The Aga Khan III mausoleum in Aswan by the Nile. In the foreground is the villa, Noor al Salaam. © Photo: Motani Collection, Ottawa

In an interview with the Al-Ahram Weekly (23-29 April, 1992), Mata Salamat, the Begum Om Habibah explained the choice of Aswan:

“…We had been coming here since 1935, when the place was not a touristic location at all but a health retreat and resort. We used to come for one or two months and stay at the Cataract Hotel and have lovely promenades on the Nile. We did not come to be cured of asthma or such things, it was just to enjoy the good weather and good air of Aswan.”

“During these visits to the hotel, one day my husband said: ‘I would like to be buried in Aswan.’

“He used to say ‘Egypt is the flag of Islam.’ And he wanted to be buried here. Then we looked around and one day while on the Nile in a felucca with the Director, who said: ‘But why do you insist on finding somewhere to be buried? You see that house?’ It was absolutely closed and neglected. ‘It is on sale. Why don’t you buy it and enjoy yourself here?’ My husband replied: ‘But I agree. Provided I have the permission to build a mausoleum behind.’ And we bought it.”

The villa was named Noor al Salaam.

“He put the house entirely in my hands saying: ‘You will choose the mausoleum. The style and everything else – do as you like. I want to be buried here.’

The Begum Describes the Task of Building the Mausoleum

“Now building the mausoleum was a great task for me. I was not sure of which style. But my husband had told me to see one of his friends at the American University, a British professor specializing in Islamic architecture. He took me all over Cairo and finally I made my choice, but if you see what I chose to copy, what inspired me, you may not see a resemblance.”

“It is the al-Juyushi mosque. It is Fatimid and that is why I chose it; the piece that inspired me the most was the mihrab.”

“And something that maybe nobody knows is that this monument was made entirely by hand. Most of the marble is carved from one piece. It is the only thing, coming from abroad Carara marble, a very special and rare pure kind of Carara. The remainder, granite and sandstone from Aswan.”

First Burial Ceremony at Aswan in July 1957

July 19, 1957: The newly appointed Imam, Shah Karim al Hussaini, along with members of his family upon arrival at Aswan airport

On July 19, 1957, the Imam was laid to rest in a temporary place created in the grounds of the villa. A special service was held at a mosque in Aswan attended by Prince Aly Khan, Prince Sadruddin, Prince Amyn and the newly-appointed Imam, Shah Karim.

July 19, 1957: Prince Sadruddin, in a white skullcap, Prince Amyn and the newly-appointed Imam, Shah Karim, at a special service held at a mosque in Aswan. Photo: Jehangir Merchant collection

July 19, 1957: The coffin of the 48th Ismaili Imam being brought into a section of the villa, Noor al Salaam, for temporary burial.

July 19, 1957: His Highness the Aga Khan, 49th Ismaili Imam, seen holding the coffin of his grandfather, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah who passed away on July 11, 1957. Photo: Jehangir Merchant Collection.

July 19, 1957: Left to right, Prince Sadruddin, Prince Amyn, Prince Karim, the new Imam, and Prince Aly Khan watch as the coffin is lowered at the temporary burial site in the villa, Noor al Salaam.

The following month, on 21 August, a special service was held at Woking Mosque, England, at which the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Scarborough, represented Her Majesty the Queen’s government.

August 21, 1957: Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Scarborough, and the new Ismaili Imam, Prince Karim, at the memorial ceremony for the late Ismaili Imam, held at the Woking mosque outside London. Photo credit: Woking Mosque

In a letter sent by her Private Secretary, Her Majesty the Queen expressed the following sentiments:

“His Highness will be remembered by all for the wise guidance and selfless leadership which he has freely given during his many happy and eventful years. His energetic and devoted work for the League of Nations in a life dedicated to the service of his followers and to the welfare of mankind will long be remembered. In the arduous responsibility which you will be called on to bear as leader of your people, Her Majesty extends to you her sincere greetings and prayers that you may long fulfil your role as counsellor to the Ismaili community who owe you their allegiance.”

The Final Burial Ceremony at Aswan in the Mausoleum in February 1959

On 19 February 1959, the 48th Imam was finally laid to rest in the mausoleum which had taken over 18 months to construct. A special tent was raised on the outskirts of Aswan and more than 2,500 people, including Ismailis from all parts of the world, attended the ceremony.

February 1959: Passengers at Luxor train station on a train bound for Aswan for the funeral of Aga Khan III. © Photo: Motani Collection, Ottawa

February 1959: Over 2,500 Ismaili mourners from all over the world gathered in a tent city on the outskirts of Aswan. © Photo: Motani Collection, Ottawa

February 1959: The 49th Ismaili Imam in the tent city where he is seen with mourners who came to Aswan for the final funeral ceremonies of the 48th Ismaili Imam. © Photo: Motani Collection, Ottawa

February 1959: The villa, Noor al Salaam, where the body of the 48th Imam lay temporarily buried before it was moved to its final resting place in the mausoleum. © Photo: Motani Collection, Ottawa

February 1959: The Aga Khan's body being carried from the villa to its final resting place. © Motani Collection, Ottawa

February 1959: The newly-appointed Imam, Shah Karim, left, his uncle Prince Sadruddin, right, and Prince Amyn at the back, carrying the shrouded body of the late Ismaili Imam from its temporary resting place to the mausoleum. Photo: Jehangir Merchant collection

February 1959: Mourners watch as the body of the late Ismaili Imam, Aga Khan III, is carried into the mausoleum. Photo: Jehangir Merchant collection

The marble sarcophagus of Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III, 48th Imam of the Shia Imami Ismailis, under the granite dome of his mausoleum in Aswan. Photo: Jehangir Merchant collection.

February 1959: Prince Sadruddin and Prince Amyn walking behind Prince Karim Aga Khan, successor to Aga Khan III

February 1959: The 49th Imam, Shah Karim, Aga Khan IV, is followed by his uncle, Prince Sadruddin (on left), and Prince Amyn (on right) at Aswan. Photo: Jehangir Merchant collection

__________________

To submit comment or read feedback, scroll to bottom of page.

Rare Preview Films:

As part of the Aga Khan series, Simerg provided links to preview films at Britishpathe. Link 1 below (Id 34577) was not among the links included and we invite you to watch this extremely rare footage on the first burial ceremony in July 1957. Link Id 34570 was included in our list.

1. http://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=34577

Swiss aircraft taxiing in at Cairo Airport. Begum Aga Khan stepping from plane followed by Aly Khan. Aly Khan’s son Karim, the new Aga Khan talking (2 shots). The Begum and Aly Khan walking from aircraft with Karim. Coffin being removed from plane. Officials stepping from plane. People paying their respect. Begum receiving guests, pan to Karim. Aly Khan with Sadruddin going up river Nile on boat. Aly and Karim on boat. Sadruddin and Aly Khan (4 shots). Cataract Hotel on the side of the Nile. The Begum sitting by coffin. Begum crying. Officials sitting around.

2. http://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=34570

A note to all readers:

Please visit the What’s New page for all articles posted on this website, including the ones in the Aga Khan III series.

And do visit the Home page if you are visiting the website for the first time.

Other most recent articles on this website:

Literary Reading: Hazrat Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III: The Face of Imamat (Conclusion to the series, reading includes a powerful image of a sculptor of Aga Khan III done by the Begum Aga Khan, Mata Salamat)

Literary Reading: Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III – 48th Ismaili Imam’s Platinum Jubilee: World Evolved from Candle Lights and Horse Carriages to Nuclear Physics and Jet Travel

Literary Reading: Part II – Worldwide Honours For Prince Karim Aga Khan Underline Impact of Ismaili Imamat’s Contribution to Humanity

Literary Reading: Worldwide Honours For Prince Karim Aga Khan Underline Impact of Ismaili Imamat’s Contribution to Humanity (Part I)

____________________

The Times Obituary

A paid subscription is required to read The Times archived articles in full. The link is:

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/emailArticleViewer.arc?articleId=ARCHIVE-The_Times-1957-07-12-13-001,ARCHIVE-The_Times-1957-07-12-13

7 thoughts on “Literary Reading: Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III – Long Reign Ends

  1. Thank you Malik for sharing these rare video clips of Late Imam Sultan Mohamed Shah.

    May you and your family be blessed with immense happiness, success and lots of barakat. Ameen

    Best Wishes

    Nazir Nensi

  2. Thank you for this wonderful reminder article. I was in London when the late Imam passed away and present Imam assumed the Imamat. There were a few Jamati members present in London at that time. When the sad news arrived about the passing away of Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah we prayed the whole day and anxiously awaited for the Talika and guidance. After the temporary burial was over Hazar Imam graciously offered to take individual pictures with Jamat. I am blind now, but I try to read most of the articles sent by AKDN. I read it by listening.

    Regards and Ya-Ali-Madad

  3. I and all the Ismailis world wide are thankful to you for publishing such a wonderful collection of memorable pictures which I am sure many of us have not seen and not even our young generation must have seen.

    Thanks and Ya ali madad.

    Nizar Dudhwalla.
    Kuwait Jamat.

  4. I was in Rangoon when the sad news about Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah’s passing away reached us. The council tried to reach as many Jamati members as possible within the next few hours. I was staying in a suburb of Rangoon called Thingangyun. The Jamat gathered at the Jamatkhana and the news was read out by council members. Later on the jamat joined in the recitation of a special tasbi and we all remained in Jamatkhana until the morning prayers.

  5. An excellent research on the late Imam – an era not to be forgotten even in our daily practice. His Guidance has got us where we are today and he appointed his heir very wisely, even skipping a generation. Million of thanks for your illuminated gift to the world.

  6. December 26, 2009.

    Thank you so much for these articles. I hope to cherish them all my life as they refresh my past memories! Thank you once again.

    Kind regards and Ya Ali Madad!

    Farouk Datoo.

Leave a Comment

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s