“I have come to America because your country is acknowledged to be the most progressive in the world and I have long wanted to see for myself its successful enterprises and great commercial centers” — His Highness the Aga Khan III (1877-1957)
HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN IN AMERICA
From the Archives of the United States Library of Congress
Introduced and Compiled by Abdulmalik J. Merchant
INTRODUCTION: For the first time perhaps, many of our readers will learn about a remarkable and historical journey across America that the 48th Ismaili Imam, His Highness the Aga Khan (1877 – 1957), made during the winter of 1906-1907. Zaheer Dharsee of Toronto, Canada, in his contribution for Simerg’s landmark series I Wish I’d Been There had briefly alluded to the visit when he wrote:
“In December 1906, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, 48th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims, arrived in San Francisco and started a two month train journey across the United States. He arrived in New York City in January 1907, and stayed at the St. Regis Hotel. In his Memoirs, His Highness gives a vivid description of New York city in the early 1900’s – ‘the motor car was coming into its own, and was no longer the smelly despised toy it was a decade earlier’.”
How did His Highness the Aga Khan reach San Francisco? What major cities did he then visit? What was the purpose of the visit, and what did the Ismaili Imam seek from the visit? These, as well as other interesting insights about the late Aga Khan’s visit, may be gleaned from the reports and notices which appeared in historical American newspapers dated 1906 and 1907. These newspapers are available under the category of “Historical Newspapers” at the website of the US Library of Congress (LOC, see link at end of piece) in numerous formats. We are pleased to share with our readers some pertinent images from a few newspapers as well as corresponding transcripts, which have been prepared from un-edited versions of OCR’d texts at the Library. The LOC is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States, and has the honour of being the world’s largest library by shelf space and number of books.
1. NOTICES OF HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN’S ARRIVAL IN HONOLULU AND SAN FRANCISCO
Brief notices about the Ismaili Imam’s arrival in the USA appeared as follows:
Honolulu arrival by vessel Hong Kong Maru from the Orient was reported in the March 7, 1907 edition of the Hawaiian Star, see top image in this section;
Arrival in San Francisco was noted in the February 12, 1907 edition of the Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City, Utah), see bottom image in this section, the January 23, 1907 edition of the Willmar Tribune (Willmar, Minnesota) and the Bisbee Daily Review.
2. SULTAN AGA KHAN NOW IN AMERICA
“The Pope and the Dalai Lama of Tibet are great spiritual chiefs, but in them the principle of inheritance is absent” — The Washington Herald
The following excerpts are taken from the Sunday, January 27, 1907 editions of the Washington Herald and the New York Tribune.
Aga Khan, who has just arrived at San Francisco, with a large retinue, for the purpose of spending several months in visiting America, while not one of the reigning chiefs of British India, is nevertheless a most important figure in that great Eastern empire, and, indeed, throughout the Moslem world. In fact, the influence which he wields is superior to that of any Oriental potentate. It is an influence which he owes to the veneration in which he is held throughout Islam as a direct descendant of the Prophet, from the latter’s daughter Fatima…
….The Pope and the Dalai Lama of Tibet are great spiritual chiefs, but in them the principle of inheritance is absent. The Sultan of Turkey owes his position as one of the leaders of Islam to his possession of great secular power. But the Aga Khan, whose full title is “His Highness Sir Sultan Mahomet Shah Aga Khan, Grand Cross of the Order of the Indian Empire,” is one of the three or four chiefs of a religion by inheritance who are and have been for centuries voluntarily recognized as such by followers in all parts of the world, separated from each other by physical and political conditions and united only in their allegiance. He is without exception the most interesting Oriental who has ever visited the United States….
3. HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN IN SAN FRANCISCO
“This is my first visit to America, and as I have read much of the wonderful progress and commercial power of the nation, I look forward to an interesting trip.” — His Highness the Aga Khan
“ORIENTAL PRINCE HERE INCOGNITO”
Mahomed Aga Khan, cousin of the late Shah of Persia and one of the richest of the Mohammedan Princes, arrived on the Hongkong Maru from Yokohama yesterday afternoon, and will leave on the overland limited to-day for the East, where he is going to study American manufactures in general and electricity in particular.
…. With his suite, which consists of two dusky “clerks” and his intimate friend, R. Talamon, he registered at the St. Francis and consumed most of the time between his arrival and 6 o’clock, when he went to a Preach restaurant for dinner.
In the evening he attended the opera. The Prince was attired when he arrived in a stylish brown suit, topped off with a nobly gray cap. He is of commanding figure, with aquiline nose, piercing black eyes, large black mustache and swarthy complexion. He speaks English with a French accent, having been educated in London and Paris, and is at least while here, unassuming in conduct. “As I am trying to travel incognito,” he said, “I do not care to be interviewed. I like rather to interview the Americans, as my mission here is to study their manufacturing methods and their use of electricity.”
“You have numerous waterfalls in your country, and I intend to stop at Niagara to familiarize myself with their project for harnessing the waters, to produce electrical power. I have no itinerary, but will probably stop three days in Chicago and then visit two or three cities between there and New York, including Pittsburg.
“In New York I will be about two weeks, and then proceed to London. This is my first visit to America, and as I have read much of the wonderful progress and commercial power of the nation, I look forward to an interesting trip.
“I was in Japan just before coming, here, and while there I called on the Mikado and spent a few weeks studying the industries of his kingdom. I am so sorry San Francisco was so terribly visited last spring. What a great city it must have been. I see many magnificent buildings remaining where the fire swept.
“I have talked enough. That is all.”
The Prince’s two “clerks,” as he calls his attendants are secretaries, who jot down for future reference the results of his observations, so that, he may benefit by them on his return to India.
Prince Mahomed is well-known in Europe, where he has traveled extensively. Although but 31 years old he has many distinguished titles. He is a Knight Grand Commander of the Indian Empire, and received the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar in 1900. The Prussian Order of the Royal Crown was conferred upon him in 1901. He attended the coronation of King Edward as a guest of the nation in 1902. Mahomed has many religious followers in East Africa, Central Asia and India, being the head of the Ismaili Mahomedans; but in spite of his elite responsibilities, he is a great sportsman, being devoted to golf, cycling and motoring.
The Prince’s official residence is Aga Hall, Bombay, a magnificent palace of’ the Oriental style, but he has also handsome residences in Calcutta, London and Paris.
4. HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN PASSING THROUGH DENVER
From the January 19, 1907 edition of the New-York Tribune, New York [N.Y.]
Denver, Jan. 18. — “Tut, tut, some people are mighty squeamish on the subject of clothes. Why isn’t a suit of nice pajamas just as conventional as a full dress make-up?” demanded the secretary of Prince Mahomet Aga Khan, cousin of the late Shah of Persia, when their train passed through Denver to-day. It was all about the prince appearing in a dining car attired in a gorgeous suit of pajamas. Americans in the car, not alive to Persian eccentricities, demanded that the prince put on more clothing, but he refused, and was allowed to eat his breakfast in peace….From OCR’d text, Library of Congress, USA
5. HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN IN CHICAGO
All the way across the continent I saw only snow, snow. One vast blanket of white seems to cover the whole country to the westward” — His Highness the Aga Khan
Aga Khan, who recently passed through Honolulu from the Orient, a prince of India, second cousin to the late shah of Persia, is riding about Chicago to-day, says a Chicago daily, in the rain and smoky fog. His chief attraction is the stockyards. When he leaves Chicago Monday it will be to inspect the powerful plants for generating electricity on the bank of Niagara Falls and the great steel works at Pittsburg.
The prince is all business. He has come to America to see for himself some of those enormous industries which have made the United States famous throughout tho world. For the pleasures of society, which have proved attractive to many of Chicago’s visitor from the countries of Europe and Asia, Aga Khan has reserved no time.
“The great commercial cities where lie the big business establishments are what I have come to see, rather than the political capitals, and the social centers,” explained the young prince in perfect English, as he welcomed a reporter for The Daily News to his suite on the fifth floor of the Auditorium hotel. “Just now I am so fortunate as to be ‘in wrong,’ as I believe you Americans call it. Before I left San Francisco, I sent my luggage ahead. But it appears to have fallen behind, and I am now without any other clothes than those I stand in. It is most annoying.”
“That was a horrible disaster which befell San Francisco. Such a beautiful, city it must have been, and then when all completed, to have it practically ruined in a moment! But that is the same fate which I am told it was one Chicago’s lot had to suffer, though your great city was devastated by fire. It seems impossible to realize that Chicago ever was destroyed.
“I have come to America because your country is acknowledged to be the most progressive in the world and I have long wanted to see for myself its successful enterprises and great commercial centers. I am interested particularly in electricity and I am curious to examine the methods and machinery used for generating that power from the falls of Niagara. We have some falls in my country which I have an idea could be utilized for a similar purpose. My county, you know, is in western India near Bombay and my principality contains about 1,000,000 people. But I am also to be found part of the time in Calcutta.
“Isn’t this weather unusual for Chicago in January? I understand from your papers that there is much sickness in Chicago. That is too bad. Chicago is the first spot I have seen since I left the Pacific coast where the ground can be discerned. All the way across the continent I saw only snow, snow. One vast blanket of white seems to cover the whole country to the westward.”
Abdul Hamid and Abdul Harid, the prince’s servants, had been making a fruitless [search] for the missing baggage and in disgust their master took upon his own shoulders the task of finding his lost wardrobe. With Private Secretary Talmon he drove in a motor car through the rain-swept streets to the Northwestern station, where he produced checks for fifteen boxes of suitcases and trunks.
“There’s one!” cried out the secretary, gleefully, and the prince took off his fur-lined coat and waited in the baggage room with the stoical patience of the East Indian until the last of the fifteen had been sought out. The prince’s wardrobe filled a baggage wagon and as soon as it was loaded it was transferred at once to the hotel. The Prince himself started for the stockyards. “I have read the book called The Jungle,” he explained as he climbed into the motor car, “and I am anxious to see what the stockyards really are like. I have been told that the conditions actually prevailing were much exaggerated in that book, but I would like to see just how the beeves and sheep and hogs are killed.”
This inquisitive prince, who devotes his energies to industrial progress rather than to social function is well fitted for either role. He is 31 years old and since he was 10 he has been the hereditary chief of the Khojas…He is of medium height, stockily built and in the European clothes he wears he looks like a noble of France. His features are handsome and he possesses a pleasant and courteous manner. His ability and ‘Yankee Push’ in conjunction with his high rank in state and religion, have made him, in spite of his youth, one of the influential personages in the east.
6. HIS HIGHNESS THE AGA KHAN DEPARTS FOR EUROPE
The following is from the January 19, 1907 edition of the New-York Tribune, New York [N.Y.]
Among the passengers who sailed yesterday for Europe on the Teutonic was Sultan Aga Khan, one of the most notable figures in India, and indeed, throughout the Moslem world, by reason of his direct descent from Mahomet through the latter’s daughter Fatima.
Date Posted: November 11, 2012.
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