“If You Perform the Pilgrimage…” – Nasir Khushraw’s Advice To a Pilgrim

A  pilgrim's route during Hajj

Questions to a Pilgrim by Pir Nasir Khushraw

With gratitude to the Beneficent God for His favours, the pilgrims arrived in all their glory. They had performed the Greater and Lesser Pilgrimage and had safely returned home. In that party was a friend of mine – sincere, intimate and kind.

A Party of riders in the Sahara

“Tell me”, said I, “How you escaped the hazards of that painful and dangerous journey.  During your absence, incessant worry has been my constant companion. Happy I am that you have made the Pilgrimage: (I think) there is none like you in the world. Now let me know how exactly you paid your respects to that great sanctuary.

When you donned the pilgrim’s garb (ihram) what firm resolve did you make? Did you render unlawful (haram) unto yourself all pleasures save spiritual and divine?”


“No”, said he.

“Then” said I: “When you said. ‘Here I am’ with reverence and full knowledge of its significance, did you hear the Voice of God and give such answer as Moses did?”

God and Moses

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “When you stood on the top of Mt. ‘Arafat and were admitted to His audience, did the breeze of Ma’rafat (Gnosis) play upon you making you an ‘Arif (Knower of God) and an alien to yourself?”

Pilgrims at Mt. Arafat

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “And when you threw pebbles at the Devil did you also throw stones at the devil within you? Did you renounce your evil ways? Discard all you vicious acts and habits?”

Stoning the Pillar

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “And when you slaughtered sheep for the sake of the orphan and the captive, did you notice the proximity of God and slaughter your own lower appetitive ‘self’ first of all?”

The slaughter of the sheep

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “And when the significance of Abraham’s sacrifice dawned upon you, did you truly, sincerely, totally surrender your very ‘Self’ to God?”

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “And when you circumambulated the shrine, making the rounds like an ostrich at his journey’s end, did you recall the circumambulation of angels around the throne of God?”

Pilgrims Circumabulating  the Kaaba

“No,” said he.

“Then” said I: “And when you ran from the Hill of Safa to the Hill of Marwa (as required by the rites of the Pilgrimage), did you feel the progress of ‘Self’ from purity (safa) to manliness (muruvvah) making you indifferent to Heaven and Hell?”

Hills of Marwah and Safa

“No,” said he.

Then” said I: “And when you had to leave the shrine did your heart split in two with the agony of parting. And did you bury it in the Holy Place and do you feel now like a decaying bone?”

“No,” said he, “for what you have just explained to me I never knew before, right or wrong.”

“Then, my friend,” said I: “You have not performed the Pilgrimage. You never reached the Stage of Self-annihilation: You went, saw Mecca and returned – having purchased with silver the afflictions of desert-travel.”

Afflictions of Desert Travel

“And if you perform the Pilgrimage again, then act as I have indoctrinated you for religious acts are null and void unless accompanied by corresponding movements of the heart.”

Pir Nasir Khushraw


Literary Reading adapted from ‘”Selections from Nasir-i-Khusraw”, translated by Hadi Hassan and  printed in Ilm, December 1978, Volume 4, Number 2,  published by His Highness the Aga Khan Shia Imami Ismailia Association for the United Kingdom (now known as The Shia Imami Ismaili Tariqah and Religious Education Board).

Note: The images shown above are not part of the Ilm article

3 thoughts on ““If You Perform the Pilgrimage…” – Nasir Khushraw’s Advice To a Pilgrim

  1. It is not possible for every Muslim to go for Hajj in most cases. I for one, could never go since there is a rule preventing a single woman from attending it unless she is escorted by a male – son, father, husband etc.

    For myself as an Ismaili woman, it is deeply satisfying to attend to my daily prayers and go to Jamatkhana and pray with a sincere heart. Pir Nasir Khusraw was a Sufi par excellence and that is why his dialogue with this person is so esoteric and ‘batin’ rather than a ritual that many perform without understanding its deeper significance or the niyyah that is implied in his advice.

  2. It is good to know how Pir Nasir Khusraw felt and thought about pilgrimage. Those of who often desire to go for Hajj should bear these points in mind.

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