The philosophical school of Neoplatonism provided ways that the individual could ascend the ladder of being through theoria – contemplation of the Divine. The ultimate goal of life is to achieve mystical union with the Divine (the One)…Many people think that Neoplatonism flourished only in the Roman Empire around the third and fourth centuries CE. However, it re-emerged again in the Islamic lands in later centuries. This new post is presented from a special issue of the Rosicrucian Digest and includes the story of Avicenna, the great Muslim Neoplatonic philosopher and mystic as well as a scientist who influenced Western thought for hundreds of years. The Ismailis consider Avicenna as one of their own.