By MOHAMED HAMIR
[This special piece for Simerg is a revised version of the original article by the author that was published in Khojawiki in July 2020 — Ed.]
In 1933, in the midst of a global recession, a landmark building, a prayer house, arose in the center of a small provincial town in the interior highlands of Africa. The story of this remarkable building had its genesis in Kutch based family patriarch by the name of Hamir Pradhan, my great grandfather.
The Hamir family of Sinogra/ Nagarpur districts of Kutch was remembered as a reasonably prosperous and enterprising family in the latter half of 1800s. Hamir Pradhan had sired eight sons and one daughter. He was also a person of deep faith and community service. He had built and donated a small Jamatkhana in Sinogra. There is evidence that Hamir Pradhan had created a legacy of community service and sacrifice that left deep impression on his children and the community in Kutch.
During early part of 1900s, six of the Hamir male siblings had joined the large scale migration of peoples from Kutch, Kathiawaar and other parts of Gujarat plagued by large scale famine, to the colonized countries of eastern and southern Africa. One of the young men among these siblings to migrate was Mohamed Hamir Pradhan, my grandfather. He was married to Bachibai, my grandmother. She and their first born daughter Fatma, who was around 3 years at the time, were to join my grandfather in Africa several years later.
My grandfather, Mohamed Hamir (Pradhan) was born in Sinogra, Kutch in 1880. Following his siblings, in 1902, he arrived in Tanganyika (now Tanzania), a German colony at the time. After a short stint in Kilosa with one of his brothers, Haji Hamir, he followed another brother, Satchu Hamir, to Iringa, a quintessential German/British colonial outpost town in the Southern Highlands, where he went to work for him in his retail (duka) shop. He helped his brother expand his business to inland villages, often traveling for weeks with a caravan of porters carrying merchandise. In 1905, three years after his arrival in Tanganyika, he formed his own business.
Benefiting from his trading experience and extensive contacts with both the German and later British colonialist, he was able to capitalize and benefit from the war economy of the First World War (1914-1918). Over the next three decades he became a successful entrepreneur in retail and residential real estate development. Also over the next several years he and my grandmother Bachibai who had joined him from Kutch, expanded the family to include three more daughters and a son. This expanded, and eventually extended family through marriages, was to play a large role in my grandfather’s business successes, and more importantly in helping him achieve his ultimate legacy. Since his son, my father was only 12 or 13 years of age, his daughters played a key role in running his retail business and were deeply involved on his legacy project.
The names of my grandfather’s children and their marital families are (chronologically): daughters Fatma Mahamed Ladha, Sikina Bhimji Asser Sachedina, Jena Ramzan Parpia, and Rehmat Fazal Manji; and son and daughter-in law Akbar and Kulsum Mohamed Hamir.
In early 1930’s and in the midst of The Great Global Economic Depression, our grandfather embarked on a project that would become a matter of pride and an important legacy for our family and the Ismaili community of Iringa. Inspired by his father Hamir Pradhan’s generosity and community service, as well as his own deep faith, he proposed to the community that he wanted to build a Jamatkhana complex and donate it to the Imam for benefit of the Ismaili community in Iringa. My grandfather’s proposal called for a two story Jamatkhana building with a capacity for 600 people, four times the Jamat size at the time. The complex was to include primary school facilities, a social hall, a guest house (dharmshara) and a recreation compound. The building was to be located right in the middle of the main street, which later was named as Jamat Street, a tribute to the Ismaili community of Iringa for the Jamatkhana building that manifested prominently on the street.
With perseverance and after several design changes, he was able to get an agreement on his plan and approval for the project from the appropriate jurisdictional leadership as well as our Imam. The construction was commenced in 1931 and completed in 1933. Due to drastic economic conditions, my grandfather had to resort to borrow money to complete the project. Several prominent families had stepped up to lend him the money. Our family folklore describes his obsession with the project that was of legendary proportion. At times, things got so desperate that he personally and physically toiled on the projects along with our family members to help the project move along to completion.
At the time of the completion of the Jamatkhana in 1933, it was reported to be one of the best in Tanganyika, and architecturally one of the most beautiful in the whole of East Africa. Over the next twenty-five years the Ismaili Jamat in Iringa grew five-fold, exceeding the original capacity of 600. The Jamatkhana complex was not only the anchor of the community, but also a major catalyst for the growth of the Ismaili community in Iringa. Later in the 1960s, my father, Alijah Akbar Mohamed Hamir, expanded the capacity of the Jamatkhana to accommodate the growing Khoja Ismaili community in Iringa.
At the Golden Jubilee of Imam Sultan Mahomed Shah in Nairobi 1936, our grandparents were scheduled for special audience with the Hazar Imam in order to formally present the gift of the Iringa Jamatkhana. However due to the last minute illness of my grandmother they were not able to make the long journey to Nairobi. Our Imam accepted their gift in their absence, and conveyed much appreciation and blessings to them and to their family. This was the happiest moment in our grandfather’s life! The Imam also bestowed on him an honorific title of Alijah.
Since its manifestation almost 90 years ago, the Iringa Jamatkhana continues to stand as symbol of the town’s identity. Located in the heart of the town, the high and prominent clock tower, adoring the architecturally beautiful building, remains the emblem and inspiration to the local and diasporic community of Iringa. Its large bell clock and high visibility reminds people to the calling of the time, and the out-of-town visitors to their bearings.
It is a source of pride for our community and our family to have the Jamatkhana be such an iconic monument of the town. It is also a tribute to my grandfather’s foresight, faith, leadership and perseverance. His generosity and service to the community is a remarkable legacy and an inspiration for our family and for the future generations.
Date posted: August 2, 2020.
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About the author: Mohamed Hamir, originally from Tanzania, has lived in numerous locations throughout USA since 1969. He is a retired financial services executive including a 20 year career with Citibank in the USA. He has an undergraduate degree in science from London University, UK and an MBA in finance from Indiana University. His work experience and extensive travel included both USA domestic and international markets.
Since his retirement in 2001, he has been passionate about causes involving female infanticide and education of marginalized children. He is on the Advisory Board and member of the LEADers Circle of PRATHAM USA, a prominent global educational NGO. He is also the Executive Producer of “Petals in the Dust”, an award winning documentary exposing gender discrimination, girl killing and violence against women in India.
Among his numerous services to the Ismaili community, he has served as both Mukhi and Kamadia of the Jamats in the USA. From 1988 to 1991 he served as a member of the National Council for USA with a portfolio of fund raising for Jamatkhanas. In 1968, when he was a student in London, he co-founded and was the first president of the inaugural Aga Khan Sports Club of U.K. He currently resides with his family in Southern California.
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From Kutch, to Iringa, to Vancouver the faithful tradition continues.
The piece on the establishment of the Iringa Jamathkhana by Mohamed Hamir was very inspiring.
Sewa continues from Grandfather, to son, to Grandson.
For your readers interest, Alijah Akber Mohamed Hamir was the Mukhi of Iringa Jamat in 1966, when Mawlana Hazar performed his work in this historic Jamathkhana.
His son Nizar Hamir, continued the tradition as Kamadiasaheb of Richmond Jamat in BC , in 1979, and was, honoured with the title of Huzur Mukhi during Hazar Imam’s Golden Jubilee.
At the Diamond Jubilee Celebration at Aiglemont in 2017, Mawlana Hazar Imam made a Firman “To hold on to the faith of your forefathers.” Amen.
We all look very much forward to the re-opening of our Jamathkhanas very soon.
The most historic presentation of the Iringa Jamatkhana (JK). Have been there so many times and stayed very close to the JK, prayed in and played around but today I realized this beautiful building was built in 1933. I always thought the tower was copied from Dar es Salaam Jamatkhana, but Dar es Salaam JK was built in 1935/1936. The beautiful photos brings back lot of memories. Best for the future, cousin Bahadur.
This is an interesting article on the history of Iringa Jamatkhana (JK). A few years ago, I visited Iringa, as my mother and and maternal grandmother, were born there. I went to the Jamatkhana and toured the entire building. I met the Mukhisaheb of the JK and explained to him my connection with Iringa and the family of the late Somji Pradhan, who was also a Khoja pioneer in Iringa. He asked me to visit his bookstore, located across from the Jamatkhana, the next day where we discussed the whereabouts of many of the descendants of the late Somji Pradhan that he could recall. It was an interesting experience to see Iringa and the JK after almost 45- 50 years,
The Jamatkhana in Iringa is beautiful; I have been there.
Dear Mohamed Bhai: I write this note as I reflect on my late husband, Jehangir. He visited the Iringa Jamat as part of his duties as the religious education inspector for Aga Khan Schools in Tanzania during the 1960’s and early 70’s. He would come back impressed by the hospitality as well as the response by the Jamat to his Waezes. He was also truly impressed with the beauty of the Jamatkhana. Reading your piece about your grandfather, Alijah Mohamed Hamir’s contribution to building the Iringa Jamatkhana, at once reminded me of Jehangir’s high regard for the Jamatkhana and the Jamat. May Alijah Saheb’s soul rest in eternal piece. I commend you for an excellent piece.
Ya Ali Madad
Alwaeza Mrs. Merchant
A true Ismaili hero! Hamir Pradhan Family Is blessed by Imam.
Generations will reap the rewards of his dedication to Imam. My father who was a teacher for Aga Khan school Iringa in 1940’s & 1950’s recalled the Jamatkhana as a prolific building.
We all cousins are very proud of you. Like your parents and your grand parents, you have carried on the legacy of service to our community and mankind. Keep it up.
I am proud of the accomplishments of both Mohamed Hamir Prathan as well as Mohamed Hamir (my maternal cousin). I didn’t get the opportunity to visit Iringa Jamatkhana but the article and the photos portray it beautifully. Excellent work.
Great article. I remember visiting Iringa and going to the beautiful Jamatkhana. Thank you for providing the historical backdrop.
I went through the entire piece. This amazing story about the new Iringa Jamatkhana in 1933 in an African nation is prizeworthy for the entire Ismaili community. Of course I did not visit this town, but I visited many Jamatkhanas throughout Africa such as the ones in Lourenço Marques (in Portuguese East Africa or Mozambique), and Masaka (Uganda). They were indeed beautiful Jamatkhana buildings in our history.